Maintaining international peace and security is the principal role of the Security Council. All members of the United Nations agree to accept and carry out the decisions of the Security Council. While other organs of the United Nations make recommendations to member states, only the Security Council has the power to make decisions that member states are then obligated to implement under the Charter.
The UNESCO or United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization is a specialized agency of the United Nations, which was established in 1945 with the purpose of “contributing to peace and security by promoting international collaboration through educational, scientific and cultural reforms in order to increase universal respect for justice, the rule of law and human rights”.
Founded in 1946, the United Nations International Children’s Emergency Fund (UNICEF) is one of the most well-known humanitarian and developmental assistance organizations around the globe. Working in over 190 countries and territories, UNICEF focuses on citizens in their early adolescent and childhood years to save lives, defend rights, and fulfill promising potential. Currently, UNICEF holds an Executive Board that consists of 36 elected Member States. With a mission statement under the guidance of the Convention on the Rights of the Child and the 1959 General Assembly Declaration of the Rights of the Child, UNICEF has been active in the international community in terms of child protection and inclusion, child survival, accessible education, child emergencies, supply and logistics, and research and analysis.
The UN High Commissioner for Refugees is an award-winning (one Nobel Peace Price in 1954, another one in 1981) UN agency mandated to lead and coordinate international action to protect refugees and internally displaced people (IDPs). The main activities include the protection of refugees’ and IDP’s rights, emergency help through humanitarian action and durable assistance by supporting voluntary repatriation, local integration and resettlement. With currently almost 60 million forcibly displaced people worldwide, this UN Agency has doubtlessly a vast responsibility.